The following is a Canada travel guide for those who have the desire to visit this great North American country. Canada Facts Canada consists of 10 provinces and 3 territories and covers 4 million sq miles. It is the northern-most country in North America. Canada's population is currently over 33 million. The country has 2 official languages; English and French. English is the language spoken in most of the country, while French is the main language spoken in the province of Quebec. Canada is considered a constitutional monarchy and the Queen of England is the true head of the government. However, her role is mostly symbolic; the country is governed under the Parliamentary system and has a Prime Minister. Each province has a premier. There are 3 main political parties--the Progressive Conservative Party, the Liberal Party and the National Democratic Party.