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PARAS WORLDWIDE TOURS & TRAVELS,  is one of the most innovative travel agency established on 1st April, 2006 in Amritsar specializes both in corporate and vacation travel & tours. We are a full-service company striving to provide the highest quality of service to all our customers. We offer best deals – premier and standard- with personalized services within India and the neighboring countries. Our main activities include leisure and business trip arrangements, ticketing and hotel reservations, passport and transportation services.

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Paras World Wide Tours & Travels offers a wealth of services in the following core areas: corporate travel, leisure travel, individual and group travel, meetings and seminars. Making our clients permanent and long-term partners lies in the core of our philosophy. Our offices being a part of M.K hotel and Mohan International hotel in Amritsar we have huge client age.

Our professional staff is familiar with both traditional and most up-to-date tour, and travel technologies. We have developed our own ideas that we successfully use in our everyday work. We use only high-tech reservation systems that let us guarantee fast and secure reservations. Our dedicated experts will be available around the clock to handle your problems on phone as well as on email.


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The following is a Canada travel guide for those who have the desire to visit this great North American country. Canada Facts Canada consists of 10 provinces and 3 territories and covers 4 million sq miles. It is the northern-most country in North America. Canada's population is currently over 33 million. The country has 2 official languages; English and French. English is the language spoken in most of the country, while French is the main language spoken in the province of Quebec. Canada is considered a constitutional monarchy and the Queen of England is the true head of the government. However, her role is mostly symbolic; the country is governed under the Parliamentary system and has a Prime Minister. Each province has a premier. There are 3 main political parties--the Progressive Conservative Party, the Liberal Party and the National Democratic Party.


Greenland is great if you are into dog sleighing or snow scooters. Big parts of this big land are covered with snow all year round, and as a result sport the worlds second largest glacial cap (after Antarctica) more than a kilometer thick. The country is gigantic. It is the size of Poland, Germany, France, Spain and Portugal taken together. People often make the mistake to believe that Greenland is just ice and snow. In fact, the icefree area is about the size of Sweden or California. On this surface live only about 58,000 people in scattered towns and villages. The capital city Nuuk is located in the West. It is an ideal starting place for exploring the rest of the country and one of the best places to find transport, accommodation and arrange the details of your trip. South Greenland will appeal most to visitors seeking excellent outdoor activities from hiking to serious rock climbing. Field ice (floating sheets of ice—not to be confused with icebergs) drift in this area in spring and summer and occasionally impede vessels that carry supplies to the villages.

United States

The United States of America is sometimes called "The Land of Opportunity," and in no area is that more true than when it comes to travel. The 50 individual states of America compare favourably in size and population with the various countries of Europe. The USA offers a wonderful combination of large cities, smaller towns, farmlands, forests, deserts, mountains, prairies and much more. The climate ranges from tropical to Arctic, although most of the country is temperate, with four distinct seasons. Traveling around the US by charter air flights is cheaper than you think. There are a lot of low cost charter air carriers to choose from.


Mexico is a beautifully diverse place, and has so much to offer to travelers. Whether you decide to visit the local beaches famous all around the world for their hospitality, and beauty, or some of the many historical cities from the time before Spanish colonization. There are also many archaeological sites rich in culture belonging to the Maya, Olmec, Tarascan, and Aztec civilizations. Beautiful national parks are plentiful and cover land ranging from desert to mountains to forests. Even if you just hang out in one of the modern cities, be assured, you will enjoy it.


The Albania travel guide includes beautiful beaches, natural wonders and snow capped mountains. Albania is nestled in the Mediterranean and it is growing in popularity among tourists. It is still, however, an unspoiled travel destination with a fascinating history and rich culture.Albania has a beautiful coast with clear blue seas. Dajti Mountain located in Tirana boasts spectacular views over the region. In Butrint, which is a world heritage site, there are many ancient ruins to explore. Petrela Castle and Skanderbeg Castle are popular attractions. Visiting the local cafes is a worthwhile experience and there is plenty of nighttime entertainment including bars and clubs. The Grand Park in Tirania is a good place to go hiking. Other sport facilities such as fishing and bowling are available. In bigger cities theaters, music performances and cinemas offer entertainment.


Andorra is a tiny ministate between France and Spain in which Catalan is the official language. The aforementioned language is widely spoken in Paisos Catalans (Catalans Countries): Principat de Catalunya (with Barcelona), Catalunya Nord, Illes Balears, Pais Valencia and Alguer (in Sardenya). High up in the Pyrenee mountains it is a unique place to visit. In winter time Andorra has some fine ski slopes to explore. In summer it is an enjoyable stop when going from Spain to France. The capital, Andorra la vella is a nice town, with a few good museums and a relaxed atmosphere. The administrative division is the "parroquia". Canillo, Encamp, Ordino, La Massana, Andorra la Vella and Escaldes Engordany are the seven "parroquies" of Andorra.


Armenia is the only country remaining from 3,000 year old maps of Anatolia. It became the world’s first Christian country 1,707 years ago in 301 AD, and has a large Diaspora all over the world. As a former Soviet republic lying in the Caucasus region, straddling Asia and Europe, with an ancient culture, Islamic and a Christian neighbor, and one of the most homogenous populations in the world, Armenia has an ancient and rich culture which is very easy to experience, thanks to a very hospitable people.

Landlocked, Armenia is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, Iran to the south, Azerbaijan to the east, and Azerbaijan's Naxcivan exclave to the southwest. Five percent of the country's surface area consists of Lake Sevan (Sevana Lich), the largest lake in the Lesser Caucasus mountain range. The many mountains and mountain valleys create a great number of microclimates, with scenery changing from arid to lush forest at the top of a mountain ridge.


Located in central Europe, Austria is a landlocked country bordered by the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Germany, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy and Switzerland. The country was a centre of power in Europe at the time when it was ruled by the mighty Habsburgs. Although today it is relegated to being a minor player in the European Union, Austria offers some of the most impressive destinations on the Continent.

The capital Vienna was once the citadel of the Habsburgs who ruled the country for over 600 years. The city is an architectural gem and a centre of music from the medieval times. The Hofburg (Imperial Palace) and the adjoining Augustinian Church are two of the marvels of architecture. Other notable sights in Vienna include the Museum of Fine Arts, Belvedere Palace, and the Sigmund Freud Museum.


Located on the very crossroads of Eastern and Western civilizations, Azerbaijan was exposed to the influence of both of them. As a part of the greatest empires in the history of human kind, Azerbaijan was the site of the most decisive events and had seen many mighty conquerors, including Haroun al-Raschid, Chingis Khan, Pompey, and Alexander the Great.

Azerbaijan has been hosting travellers since silk worms started to spin. Azerbaijan was once a major stopover on the Great Silk Route, and there are many captivating sights to see in this ancient country - Bronze Age petroglyphs, medieval minarets and mosques, the famous carpets, unique nature.   One of many republics which emerged from the former Soviet Union, Azerbaijan is probably one of the less known. When you visit the capital Baku, it becomes clear soon that this country has always been a crossroads for travellers from Europe and the East. Landmarks confirming this can be seen throughout the city. The Greeks, Persians, and so many other ancient peoples have visited and left their marks in this country.


The very word Belarus should inspire visions of beauty and kindness, if it does not,then most likely you have not been there. Belarus has retained its mystery, it has remained virtually closed and unexplored since the fall of Communism. Belarus is little known, little understood, and even less traveled. It is one of the few countries in the former Soviet Union where Lenin still stands and the Soviet symbol, the sickle and hammer, can be found in abundance. It is the only country that still uses the KGB. Powerful forces in Belarus are guiding it forward and forcing it backward at the same time.

Despite, or perhaps because of, this, Belarus has become an intriguing place to travel. Belarus is filled with beautiful forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlife. In many places the history seems alive, and can almost be felt. Reminders of war, suffering, oppression and survival can be seen throughout the country. Churches, fortresses, and many other aspects of Belarusian culture have kept their traditional feel.


Being the home of both NATO and the European Union headquarters, Belgium is a country where many cultures meet. It's a place of variety, from the geography to the languages (German, Dutch, and French are all official languages). All of these characteristics make Belgium, though small, one of the most diverse destinations you'll find.

Food of Belgium
Although there are some dramatic differences amongst Belgians, cuisine is quite similar throughout the country. Some dishes have different names, but many of the recipes are almost exactly alike.
Mussels and chips (french fries) is a dish served anywhere you go in Belgium. The mussels are generally cooked in white wine and butter with pepper and parsley. Beef stew is very popular and, depending on the area, will either be made with beer or red wine. Sausage, similar to the well-known bratwurst, is often served with potatoes.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Best known for the Balkan conflict of the 90s, Bosnia has moved on and has a great deal to offer travellers. Beautiful countryside, a thriving arts scene, sports opportunity, and fresh open space. A beautiful gem, still unknown for many. Bosnia and Herzegovina is located in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula. North, west and south-west boundary lines divide BiH from the Republic of Croatia, and east and south boundary lines from Serbia and Monte Negro. The coastal line of Bosnia and Herzegovina lies upon the Adriatic Sea, around the town of Neum, and is about 21 km long. Bosnia and Herzegovina is administratively divided on the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (51%) and the Republika Srpska (49%). The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina consists 10 Cantons that further consist of the municipalities. Republika Srpska is administratively divided on regions and further on municipalities. The territory of Brčko, which was under arbitration, did not become a part of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina nor of Republika Srpska. In accordance with the decision by the Arbitrary Commission for Brčko, it became a separate district under the authority of Bosnia and Herzegovina.


Bulgaria (population: 8 000 000) has changed a lot during the last 20 years. From being a communist ruled state on the other side of the Iron Curtain it has changed into a country with some progress towards free market reforms and own tourist industry. The Bulgarian nation has come a long way since it threw off the 500-year old yoke of the Ottoman Empire in the 1870's, and is now still struggling to cope with the aftermath of Communist misrule.

Renaming themselves the Bulgarian Socialist Party, the Communist long remained the dominant force in national politics after 1989. The election of a right-of-centre government in April 1997 gave ground for new hope, although low wages and high unemployment seem to remain ever-present features of Bulgarian life.


Croatia is known as a land of 1246 islands,islets and reefs. If you have ever dreamed about being on a small island alone with someone, this is the place for you. If you are a nature lover, Croatia offers: camping, mountain hiking/biking, rafting, scuba diving and skydiving. Besides its natural beauty, it also offers: a unique history, a unique mixture of cuisines, many internationally recognised hotels and helpful individuals. Zagreb is the capital of the country located in the central part of country. It may not attract as many visitors as the Adriatic coast with coastal towns of Rijeka or Trogir or Split or Zadar or Å ibenik or Dubrovnik but is well worth a visit. There are many museums in town and at night there are lots of things going on.

Czech Republic

In 1989, after the Velvet Revolution ended the communist regime that ruled former Czechoslovakia, millions of travelers from the west started coming in droves to what is now the Czech Republic (after CZ and SL split in the amicable 1993 Velvet Divorce), especially the Czech capital Prague. And with good reason. This Central European country really has a lot to boast about, and Prague is definitely one of the most beautiful cities in the whole world. The country's ancient tradition of brewing beer (Budweiser was originally a Czech beer, the original - Budvar - is still brewed in České Budějovice, where you'll find the largest town square in Europe) makes your stay in the country an even more enjoyable one.


Located in northern Europe, Denmark is bordered by the North Sea, the Baltic Sea, and Germany, which is its only connection to the European mainland. Most of its landmass is occupied by the Jutland peninsula while the remaining 500 islands, of which only a hundred are occupied, comprise the rest of the country. The Skagerrak and Kattegat straits separate it from Norway and Sweden. Present-day Denmark owes its cultural and linguistic origins to the Danes who migrated here from Sweden around AD 500. Denmark's history, till the medieval period. The Thirty Years War with Sweden followed by the Napoleonic Wars inflicted damage on the economy of the country. Although Denmark remained neutral in both World Wars, it surrendered to Germany in 1940 following the large build-up of German forces along its borders. Denmark's prime attraction is its capital Copenhagen, one of the liveliest cities in Europe, which also has an active nightlife. Most of the city's attractions are concentrated in a small area, while the parks, gardens, squares, and fountains are interspersed all over.


The northernmost of the three Baltic States, Estonia has fared well since regaining independence. When in the capital Tallinn you notice right away that people are doing well especially with their hosipitality towards visitors. For the visitor Estonia offers some nice natural parks, a few old towns, some remains from the Middle Ages and a lot of Islands just off the coast. Tallinn is a beautiful medieval old city, comparable to Prague with it's multitude of spires and orange-tiled roftops. Estonian language is different from the Indo-European languages; it belongs to the Finno-Ugric group of languages toghether with Finnish and Hungarian. It is very similar to Finnish, which is spoken just over the Gulf of Finland. The easiest way to visit Estonia is either by a cruise ship or a ferry from other Baltic countries as both dock regularly in Tallinn, the capital which is a seaport city. Most of the tourist places will accept the Euro or the American dollar.

Faroe Islands

The Faroe Islands an autonomous area under Danish administration lie between Iceland and Norway. All in all there are 18 islands of which 17 are inhabited. The total population is about 48 000. The islands (reached by air from Stansted, Denmark and Iceland or by ferry from Iceland and Denmark consist of rugged green mountains fjords and countless waterfalls. Other attractions include medieval churches, fishing villages, old farmhouses and sheep. The breeding sea birds are outstanding. We love it there: It’s not in the least touristy if you stay away from the shopping streets in Torshavn. The people are friendly (you can find yourself engaged in long talks with the local fishermen), it’s fairly modern and it has a unique atmosphere. The light which constantly changes is extraordinary. The islands are known for their linguistic diversity as every little “bygd” (settlement) has a very distinctive dialect. We especially enjoyed the towns of Gjogv, Kirkjubour, Torshavn (the capital city), Tjornuvik (wide windswept beach) and Saksun (set on the hillside above a tidal lake). Be prepared for sudden changes in its relatively mild climate. They are a great footballing nation and are envied by the scots something terrible!


Finland is a northern European country of four seasons for the discerning traveler, not a land of mass tourism. Summer season in Helsinki, winter at the skiing centers in Lapland and few happenings all year round temp enough people to make it a crowd, otherwise you can enjoy the space and silence in the pure northern nature. During the winter months you can have a skiing holiday or visit the Santa Claus and take a reindeer tour. Summer offers you a wide variety of activity from trekking to urban holidays, or you can simply relax at a hidden summer cottage with a sauna near a lake. Besides the mainland with vast forests and thousands of lakes separated by few agricultural and urban areas, the Baltic Sea with widespread archipelagos offers plenty of possibilities for sailing and fishing. Helsinki and few other places are worth of visiting throughout the year. Finland has a high standard of living, comparable to other Nordic countries, facilities are good and especially the telecommunications are next to none in the world. With an area of 338,000 square kilometers, Finland is the seventh largest country in Europe, located between Sweden and Russia.


France is one of the top five tourist destinations in the world. It has everything that you could ever want to see on your holidays: a great city like Paris, good beaches, more monuments than any other country, lovely nature, incredible mountain scenery; need I go on? France is also a very pleasant place to stay. It has good food, great wines and people enjoy their lives. And the best thing is, maybe apart from Paris, living in France does not have to be expensive. The North of France consists of the flatlands around the town of Lille and the Channel. The area will remind visitors in many ways of Belgium and the Netherlands. The Grand' Place in Lille for example is a lot like that of Brussels. Paris, the city of light and its surroundings are one of the most visited areas. Paris is without a doubt one of the most beautiful cities on the planet. The West of France is turned towards the Atlantic Coast. In the north Normandy & Brittany have rolling hills, sandy beaches and quiet little harbour towns. Normandy & Brittany have a more rugged coast and many neolithic sites.


Georgia is an old state in the Caucasus, with a beautiful coast, great mountain scenery and towns. Due to civil problems following independence after the break up of the Soviet Union, Georgia has suffered a lot. The infrastructure has taken a severe blow; parts of the "Georgian Riviera" are hard to access as a result. Still, Georgia makes a great destination for the resourceful traveler. Although neighboring Armenia claims to be the oldest Christian nation, Georgia has many impressive churches and cathedrals dating back to a time when most of Western Europe was still pagan. The capital Tbilisi and nearby Mtskheta are nice cities with many important monuments. The Gelati Monastery is unique in its kind. In Vardzia you will also find interesting examples of Christian art. Set at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, Georgia 's fabulous variety of landscape and culture has attracted adventurers and traders from the dawn of time. Here the present coexists with the past, and modernity is fused with tradition. According to Greek legend Jason and his Argonauts came here in search of the Golden Fleece. Today, Georgia is a country strongly connected to tradition, at the same time as being a modern, democratic state embodying western values.


From the high Alps in the South, the Bavarian plain, and the flowing hills of central Germany to the coast of the North and Baltic Sea: it all looks like a miniature train landscape packed with the nicest of old towns, medieval houses, gothic churches. Thanks to the different regional princedoms, earldoms, monarchies and states Germany did not unite until the last centuries. Thus Germany has not one but many major cities. And each city has its own unique character, formed by its history and the surrounding region. Each is a whole new world unto itself in which you will experience not only different architectural styles and art treasures but also a very distinctive lifestyle. Local traditions and mentalities are clearly reflected everywhere - in the arts, the nightlife, the shops, the pubs and restaurants and the way people work and live. To start in the north, spend some days in Hamburg, Bremen or Lübeck, those old "Hanse" cities, whose prosperity arose from the independent shipping trade. Berlin, the capital, is of course one of the top travel destinations in Germany - no matter if you are going there for business, cultural or political reasons, or just to enjoy yourself: Berlin has everything!


Due to its unique location between Spain and North Africa, Gibraltar has seen its share of turbulent times throughout history. Everything from minor skirmishes to all out wars had been fought over Gibraltar, which, according to the terms of the Treaty of Utrecht, was ceded to Great Britain in 1713. That's not to say, however, that the Spanish government didn't try to recapture the Rock, as Gibraltar is known, by force and negotiation. In 1967, a referendum was held and Gibraltarians overwhelmingly voted to remain under British rule. Today, Gibraltar is a thriving port and there are a large number of attractions. Climbing the rock is an obvious choice for tourists. It's a huge limestone ridge that rises more than 400 meters with steep cliffs on its northern and eastern sides. The views from the Upper Rock are impressive, with Europe on one side and Africa on the other. There is so much history packed into this small territory. The interesting architecture includes the Moorish castle; the Shrine of our Lady of Europe, which was a mosque before it was transformed into a Christian cathedral in 1462; and the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, completed in 1838.


Greece is a paradise for different tourists. It is far out for the beach bum, it is great for the lover of the classics and it is a must see for anyone interested in knowing where western civilization as we know it stems from. Located in southeastern Europe, Greece is bordered by Bulgaria, Albania, Turkey, and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. The Balkan Peninsula, which constitutes Greece, is surrounded by over a thousand of tiny islands, of which less than 200 are inhabited. It is primarily a mountainous country with a major chunk of its landmass perched at over 1,500 m above sea level. Perhaps no nation in Europe can boast of a more ancient history than Greece. Greece's antiquity dates back to 3000 BC when the powerful Cycladic, Minoan and Mycenaean civilisations flourished here. The evolution of powerful city-states, especially Athens and Sparta, between 800 and 500BC produced the classical age of Athens which was the high point of the Grecian civilization.


Located in central Europe, Hungary is bordered by seven countries: Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Croatia, Slovenia, Serbia. Apart from its quality wines (red, white and rosé) and Baroque towns, its strategic location on the continent also attracts thousands of tourists to the country. Hungary is slightly larger than Ireland. North to south, the greatest distance is 268km; east to west, it's 528km. The landscape consists mostly of plains in the east, low hills to the west, and small mountains to the north. Kékes Mountain (the blue mountain), the country's highest point, is a modest 1014m. The major rivers are the Danube and the Tisza. Since May, 1st 2004 Hungary is a member of the European Union (EU). The currency is the Forint (1 US$ ~ 165 HUF / 1 Euro [€] ~ 250 HUF). Originally the Magyars came from the Ural mountains and belong to finno-ugric language group. These people swept over the plains to Europe in the ninth and tenth century. Finally they settled in the country they liked the best. During this period there were Slavonic, Hunnish and Avar tribes in the Carpatian Basin. These tribes merged to form the Hungarian nation.


Iceland was settled in the 9th century by Norse vikings. The first settlement to last was that of Ingolfur Arnarson in Reykjavik. This is where most of the people of Iceland live. Reykjavik has a bustling nightlive, an exciting arts scene, and offers visitors the opportunity to explore the countryside in short trips to areas such as Thingvellir, Gullfoss and Geysir. If you are interested in nature, Iceland is a great place to visit. In the summer, many companies offer guided bus trips that will take you around the country. You can also take the bus by yourself and go on hikes near places such as Thorsmoerk, Snaefellsjoekull, and more. Another alternative is to ride horseback across the highlands. Additional Notes: The terrain in Iceland is so rugged due to centuries of volcanic activity, this is where the US tested their lunar landing module that eventually drove on the moon! Also because of Norse woodcutting and volcanic activity, there are virtually no trees on the island! There is one small "forest" that is a national reservation.


Ireland is made up of the Republic of Ireland containing 26 counties and Northern Ireland containing 6 counties. It is located in northwestern Europe, to the west of the United Kingdom, the North Atlantic Ocean, and the Irish Sea. It is a land steeped in history but not particularly with historical marvels. Ireland is known for its misty green countryside, its culture and tradition (including legends and folklore), and its warm-hearted and friendly people. In Hibernia of yore, Ireland was too cold and bleak a country for the Romans to colonize. Many say that In fact the Romans were unsure of exactly where Ireland was and actually thought it was off the west coast of Spain. The native Celtic people continued to worship the sun till they were ostensibly converted to Christianity by St. Patrick in the 5th century. The mythology says that Saint Patrick actually rid the country of snakes as well. The invasions by the Vikings in the 9th century and by the Anglo-Normans in the 12th century were two significant events in Irish history. The British began concerted efforts to colonize Ireland in the 17th century but succeeded only a century later.


Iceland was settled in the 9th century by Norse vikings. The first settlement to last was that of Ingolfur Arnarson in Reykjavik. This is where most of the people of Iceland live. Reykjavik has a bustling nightlive, an exciting arts scene, and offers visitors the opportunity to explore the countryside in short trips to areas such as Thingvellir, Gullfoss and Geysir. If you are interested in nature, Iceland is a great place to visit. In the summer, many companies offer guided bus trips that will take you around the country. You can also take the bus by yourself and go on hikes near places such as Thorsmoerk, Snaefellsjoekull, and more. Another alternative is to ride horseback across the highlands. Additional Notes: The terrain in Iceland is so rugged due to centuries of volcanic activity, this is where the US tested their lunar landing module that eventually drove on the moon! Also because of Norse woodcutting and volcanic activity, there are virtually no trees on the island! There is one small "forest" that is a national reservation.


Latvia is located on the Baltic Sea, between Lithuania and Estonia. The country itself may be less famous than its capital Riga, one of the most beautiful cities of the Baltic region. About a third of the population of Latvia lives in the capital and for all purposes it is the best base for exploring the country. Since Latvia is relatively small, most of the other sights can be seen as daytrips from the capital. Jurmala is the best beach resort to go to. It has been popular with city dwellers from Latvia for over 150 years and the city houses some great Jugendstil architecture. Apart from the beaches there are also forests here where you can go hiking.


Liechtenstein is a beautiful, German-speaking country in western Europe. The capital of Liechtenstein is Vaduz, but the largest city by population is Schaan. This 62 square mile country is settled amidst the stunning European Alps, on the Upper Rhine Valley. Liechtenstein may not be very well know to the general public, but has some very interesting characteristics and breath-taking scenery. Liechtenstein's people are said to have one of the highest standards of living, likely due to the fact that the country follows a policy of remaining neutral being one of the few countries in the world without a military. It may help that the Prince of Liechtenstein, Prince Alois, is the sixth wealthiest leader in the world, as well. Places to See The Kunstmeuseum Liechtenstein, located in the capital, Vaduz, is the largest museum in the country and specializes in modern and contemporary art from international artists. If you'd like to see more art from the country itself, Liechtenstein National museum, also located in Vaduz, hosts numerous permanent and alternating exhibitions. Vaduz Castle, which can be seen from most any point near the capital, is a beautiful fortress that the Prince's family still lives in today. Gutenberg Castle, located in the village of Balzers, was built in the 13th century and is still in relatively good shape. The Red House in Vaduz, built before the Middle Ages, has had some renovation since, but is still a trademark of Liechtenstein society.


Lithuania is situated on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea and covers 65.300 sq. km. The length of coastline is 99 km. It is the southernmost of the three Baltic countries. Lithuania has a long history behind itself as a proud kingdom and on ce stretched to the Black Sea, some 2000 kilometers further to the south. Since then the country has shrunk a lot. But what's left is certainly worth exploring. A good starting point is Vilnius, the Jerusalem of Europe as it was called at the turn of the century. Other places of interest include the cities of Kaunas and Klaipeda.


The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg with a population of only 435,700 is bordered by Belgium on the north and west, Germany on the east, and France on the south. It has an area of 2,586 sq km (998 sq mi). Until the EU expansion of May 1 2004, Luxembourg was the smallest member country in the European Union (now Malta is the smallest EU member country). Luxembourg is often divided in two parts: the northern plateau land called Ösling and the southern Gutland. Ösling is part of the Ardennes , a rolling high plateau from the Devonian, dissected by narrow valleys. Gutland is built up of sedimentary rocks from the Triassic and Jurassic. Climate is sub-maritime in the north and somewhat more continental in the south. About a third of the country is forested, originally mainly oak and beech forest, now to a considerable degree replaced by spruce plantations. Luxembourg is one of the world's most industrialised countries and has the highest standard of living in the EU. The GNP per capita is among the highest in the world, USD 66 727 in 2005. The Economy is based on the steel industry and on banking.


The Republic of Macedonia, is a landlocked country in the heart of the Balkans. It is bordered by Bulgaria , Serbia , Greece and Albania. The easiest way to reach the country if you are a visitor from the North/West is through Serbia's E-75 highway. If you come from the East Greek and Bulgarian highways are opened for you. The people of Macedonia are friendly and famous for their devotion to nightlife and various sorts of parties involving music, drink and food. The capital Skopje features several decent clubs. Much of the old architecture was badly damaged by an earthquake in 1963, and the city has been rebuilt as sprawling metropolis of socialist housing projects, suburbia and everything in between. Parts of the the old town remain, including a medieaval fortress and Ottoman-style bazaar. Lakeshore city of Ohrid in the southwest is a major highlight. Located in a very beautiful area, with rugged mountains and pristine lakes, you find a medieval town with one of the best collection of icons.


The Maltese archipelago consists of three islands: Malta, Gozo and Comino. Malta, the largest island, is 237 sq. kms in area; Gozo is 68 sq. kms and Comino, 2 sq. kms. The population numbers circa 400,000. Of these, 28,000 live in Gozo. Comino is only inhabited by a few farmers. Because of their strategic position, Malta and Gozo have been inhabited for the past 7,000 years. The two islands have a long and varied prehistoric period: Neolithic, Copper and Bronze age civilisations lasted more than 4,000 years; one can still admire vestiges of those remote times in form of impressive stone temples, a unique hypogeum and remains of skilful handicrafts. The first known people to settle in Malta were the Phoenicians, who reached these shores on their trading ventures in the 9th century BC. They were succeeded by their Punic kinsmen, the Carthaginians. During the second Punic War in the 3rd century BC, the local inhabitants sided with the Romans and the island was granted the status of Federata Civita and started to form part of the Roman Empire.


Moldova was badly damaged during World War II. Two thirds of the larger cities were destroyed. During Stalinist times most of it was rebuild, but of course in Stalinist style. Moldova is one of the poorest countries of Europe - the GDP per capita is not higher than that of some African countries. Bordering on Romania and the Ukraine it is close to the Black Sea but is still landlocked.


Monaco is for the rich and famous. But also for those, who dream of being rich and famous. The mini state on the Mediterranean is like one big Club Med (drinks are not included). Most people don't stay in Monaco but do it as a daytrip from the French or Italian Riviera. The present territory of the Principality of Monaco covers 195 hectares (1.95 Km"), 31 of which have been entirely reclaimed from the sea! The population is close to 30.000 more than 83% of whom are foreigners; Monegasques number about 5.000. The official language is French but Italian and English widely spoken and understood. There's also a Monegasque language (a very colorful dialect) used by the old nationals but also again studied in the schools of the Principality. The Catholic religion is the state religion, freedom of worship, however, is guaranteed by the Constitution. The national holiday is celebrated on 19 November. The sovereignty of Monaco is today indisputable, undisputed and internationally recognized but it has not always been so, as its history demonstrates. You can best wander around in the city instead of taking the bus. The unit of currency is the Euro. Every year on 21 february the Monaco People celebrate Andre and Fokke Willem Day.


The Republic of Montenegro is a country in the Balkans, on the Adriatic Sea. It borders Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to the west, Serbia and the Serbian province of Kosovo to the north, and Albania to the east. To the south of Montenegro is the Adriatic Sea, across which lies Italy. Montenegro's tourism had suffered greatly from unrests and wars in surrounding countries in the 1990s, as Balkans had been considered generally unsafe by tourists from the west. In recent years, along with the stabilized situation in the region, tourism in Montenegro began to recover, and Montenegro is being re-discovered by tourists from around the globe.


The Netherlands is a small parliamentary democratic constitutional monarchy in the west of Europe, between the North Sea, Belgium and Germany, and is known for much more than cheese, windmills, wooden shoes and tulips. Its recorded history starts with the Roman invasion halfway through the first century A.D., but it had its heyday in the 17th century when it disputed hegemony of the Seven Seas with the English and the Spanish empires. In that period New York, parts of India, a series of forts along the African Coast and the Colonies in Indonesia formed part of the vast Dutch Empire. Though most historic town centers in the Netherlands date back to the Dark Ages, most building was done in the era of oversea expansion and in the nineteenth century when the industrial revolution started. In Amsterdam, Leiden or Utrecht you can see the big 17th century mansions once owned by the commanders of the Dutch fleet and those of the rich merchants who financed the wars with their overseas gains.


You need only have a quick glance at a map of Norway to guess where the main attractions are: that jagged coastline is home to Norway's world famous Fjords. Almost 22,000 kilometers of dramatic coastline, glacial melting waters plunging down cliffs into fjords more than 100 kilometers long, tens of thousands of islands and skerries, and none of it is off limits. If the outdoors is where you feel comfortable, and if you would rather not stand in line to look at nature, welcome to Norway! Located on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northwest Europe, Norway's geography is a constant reminder of the last Ice Age. In the central high plateaus of Southern Norway, the alpine terrain culminates at the peaks of Galdhøpiggen (2469m) and Glittertind (2468m). Several glaciers, most famous of which are Jostedalsbreen and Svartisen ("The Black Ice") are present day remains of ice that carved the many deep fjords and left behind fertile valleys with meandering rivers.


Welcome to Poland. Poland is the home of: Nicolaus COPERNICUS, Fryderyk CHOPIN, Lech WALESA and Pope John Paul II. My country, located in the plains between Germany and Russia (today Belarus, Ukraine and Lithuania as well), bordered in the south by Slovakia and the Czech Republic has suffered severely from the ravages of war. But each time it has been rebuilt by its inhabitants. Poland has really opened up after the fall of the Berlin wall and is becoming a very attractive destination for travelers. It has many historic towns and cities that testify of the long history of the Polish state, great natural beauty and a unique coast. The two primary destinations are the present capital Warsaw, which like a phoenix rose from the ashes of total destruction in World War II, and the ancient capital Krakow, untouched by war, which is an exquisite treasure of Gothic and Renaissance architecture. Another popular places are Krynica-Zdroj, and Zakopane. Poland is too large to be properly appreciated in one visit. There is too much to see. Discover central Poland, with its many wild national parks easily reached from Warsaw, or the north and the Baltic coast with the ancient port of Gdansk. In the western part you will find Wielkopolska, the cradle of the nation, and in the south Malopolska and the Tatry mountains easily reached from Krakow. In the southwest Silesia with its many old castles and mounains is worth a visit.


Travel guide of private and group tours in Lisbon, Oporto, Algarve, Fatima with Portugal Travel Agencies and Tour Operators. Travel packages booking online. First class tour guides, hotels, restaurants, deluxe buses, luxury limousines. Tourism, conventions, teambuilding, incentives, cruises, sightseeing, night tours, city short breaks, historic, cultural and catholic excursions and trips. For such a small country, you have many options from which to choose: A San Francisco-esque city, spreading over seven hills which descend into the Rio Tejo (Tagus River)- Lisbon is perhaps Europe’s most pleasant and affordable city. Its fantastic architecture, diverse population, delicious seafood, intriguing tile-work and non-stop night-life bring together the best elements of Portuguese life. Don’t miss an evening bar-hopping in the Bairro Alto listening to contemporany hip music and Portuguese blues-fado!


Romania (Capital city: Bucharest) is bordered to the north and east by Moldova and Ukraine, the southeast by the Black Sea, the south by Bulgaria, the southwest by Serbia and in the west by Hungary. The country is divided into four geographical areas. Transylvania (a belt of Alpine massifs and forests) and Moldavia compose the northern half of the country, which is divided down the middle by the north–south strip of the Carpathian Mountains. South of the east–west line of the Carpathians lies the flat Danube plain of Walachia with the capital Bucharest, its border with Bulgaria being defined by the course of the Danube. Romania’s coastline is along the Black Sea, incorporating the port of Constanta and the Danube Delta. The region between the Black Sea and the Danube (after it veers North), is also known as Dobrudja (Dobrogea). Language Romanian is the official language originating in Dacian and Latin. Recent linguistic research tends to put Dacian at the origins of ancient Latin and Romanian language may be seen as the main proof for this idea. Some Hungarian is spoken in the Northwest, while mainly French and some English are spoken by those connected with the tourist industry.


Russia has for many years been a land of mystery and intrigue to Westerners. For hundreds of years, depending on the direction of political winds, Russia has been an enigma, a friend, or an enemy of the West. It is a miraculous country and still mysterious to many foreigners, with many cultural and historic treasures, unspoiled nature; and industrious, bright and hospitable people. Russia mothered Peter and Catherine the Great, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, Pushkin, Tchaikovsky, Nabokov, among others, who have contributed to the rich cultural heritage. Russia is geographically enormous, far larger than Canada or the United States. It is still the biggest country in the world, stretching from Poland to Korea and from the Polar Regions to the deserts Asia. It is also the country with the most number of neighbors in the world. On this huge landmass there are many of the worlds greatest sights to discover. St. Petersburg and Moscow are surely exciting places to start your sightseeing of Russia, with world class museums, churches and other historic centers well worth exploring. There are two ways how you can explore Russia. First, is the conventional land tours to Russia. Second is Russian river cruises. Land tour gives you more freedom to choose where to go and what's to see, while cruise allows you to see more for less and with a company of other travelers. You can get the idea about land tour prices at www.travelallrussia.com and rates on river cruises at www.allrussiacruises.com.

San Marino

The country's capital (pop. 4 600) also named San Marino sits on the western slope of the tri-peaked Mt. Titano. Cars are prohibited in the medieval town center but even if they weren’t you’d want to explore the city by foot wandering along winding narrow streets lined with red-roofed stone houses medieval ramparts and somber fortresses. Sights include the Gothic Palazzo Publico and colorful fortress guards at Piazza della Liberta; the 14th-century church of San Francesco (which has paintings by Raphael Guercino and Bellini); and the Palazzo dei Valloni (museum art gallery and San Marino’s national library). The Neoclassical Basilica di San Marino preserves the remains of the town’s stonecutter saint. A path runs from the basilica to the fortresses on Mt. Titano which include the 13th-century Montale (the smallest); the 10th-century Rocca Guaita (a prison until the 1960s); and the 13th-century Cesta (on the highest of the three peaks) which houses a museum of arms dating from the Middle Ages. The path offers a panoramic view of the surrounding countryside and Adriatic Sea too. Excursions can be made to the villages of Serraville (castle) and Valdragone (convent and church).


Serbia, founding member of Yugoslavia and Serbia- Montenegro, has always been turbulent when it comes to its size and shape; its borders and cultural heritage have been crossed and determined by 56 armies in recorded history. Romans, Celts, Greeks, Arabs, Huns, Slavs, Persians, Hungarians, Franks, Germans and Turks have shaped this country's identity through different fields: religion, cousine, music, art, monuments, crafts, language and literature- into a unique mixture of the West and Orient. These are the reasons Serbs use two different scripts- Cyrilic and Latin, believe in the Eastern Orthodox God (Greece), serve gulash as their "national" dishes (Hungary), have toponyms such as Fruska Gora (Frankish Mountain) and Singidunum (Celtic Belgrade); their first kings were crowned by the Vatican, Atilla the Hun was presumably buried in Belgrade as his grave overlooks the Emperor Leopold's Gate (Austria). The most beloved queens in Serbian history were Helen d' Anjou (French), Anna Dondolo (Venetian), Catherine of Hungary, Symonide of Byzantium, Empress Milica (Serbian) and Maria Theresa (Austrian).


Slovakia is a small, landlocked country in Central Europe. It's capital Bratislava is only 50 miles from Vienna. Slovakia has great natural beauty. The north is forrested and mountainous and has great hiking and skiing possibilities. In Poprad there is a huge geo thermal lake. Built on this lake is the worlds most environmentally friendly resort www.aquacity.sk. In 2005 they should receive the impressive emissions certificate. The countryside is dotted with castles that remind the visitor of the attacks the Slovaks suffered from Tartar invasions. The villages and regional towns are lovely with original buildings - no horrible fast food restaurants.


Slovenia is the new comer in European Union. A small country, that is most like Western Europe. Bordering from west to Italy, from north to Austria, east to Hungary and south to Croatia. The diversity of country on a small territory makes Slovenia so atractive and easy to explore. It has both natural beauty and historical sights, making it the perfect alternative to any other alpine country. It is very easy to say that one country is beautiful. What makes Slovenia different, unique in the company of other beautiful countries, is its diversity. It is the only place on our planet were you can find mountains, sea, karst, lowland, ... so closely together.


Spain is more than bullfights, flamenco dancers and crowded beaches. It's a spectacular and diverse country, the north resembling the rolling, green hills of Ireland and the south giving you a taste of Moroccan landscapes and architecture. Its tremendous history is reflected in its prehistoric cave paintings, Moorish palaces, crumbling castles, Roman ruins, Gothic and Renaissance cathedrals as well as some very distinctive modern architecture. The uniqueness of Spain lies in the separate kingdoms which made up the original Spanish nation. These regions remain diverse in their language, culture, cuisine and art. They include: Andalucía, Aragon, Asturias, Basque Country, the Balearic Islands, the Canary Islands, Cantabria, Castilla La Mancha, Castilla León, Catalonia, Extremadura, Galicia, La Rioja, Madrid, Murcia, Navarra and Valencia. Areas of interest are not limited to each region, here are some highlights: Spain can be enjoyable any time of year. The ideal months to visit are May, June and September (April or October in the south). At these times you can rely on excellent weather, yet avoid the heat of July and August.


Being the largest of the Scandinavian countries, Sweden has alot to offer of both cultural and outdoor activities. Visit the cities and explore the country's glorious past or the life in a cosmopolitan and modern society. If you need rest from the hectic city life, just leave for the countryside, and vast forests, 90000 lakes, mountains and the long diverse coastline await you. Though on the outskirts of Europe, Sweden was never a cultural outpost. The reigning royalty often invited foreign artists to their courts and also stimulated the development of local artists. Furthermore the Swedish developed their own traditions in design, painting and architecture. Gothenburg city hall was a widely followed example of traditionalistic architecture.


Located in central Europe, Switzerland is bordered by Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Italy, and France. A small country, Switzerland's very name conjures up images of chocolates, cheese, watches, bankers, and snow-capped mountains. Switzerland was inhabited by a Celtic tribe called Helvetia in the ancient times. It became a part of the Holy Roman Empire in AD 1032 but soon succumbed to the mighty Habsburgs of Germany. The death of the Habsburg ruler Rudolf I in AD 1291 led to the formation of the Swiss Confederation. Switzerland was declared a neutral state following the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 and was accorded permanent neutrality in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna. A new federal constitution came into force in 1848 and Bern became the capital city. The Swiss remained neutral in both the World Wars. The picturesque city of Zurich, located on the banks of the Limmat River, is the intellectual and cultural capital of Switzerland and the hub of tourist activity. The 13th-century St. Peter's Church and the Fraum nster Church are two important sights. An evening walk along the banks of Lake Z rich or the alleys of the old town will cover almost all the attractions of the city.


Ukraine is a country of many historic treasures and customs, beautifully varied landscapes, and social and economic change. Ukraine is the birthplace of the first great Slavic state - Kyivian Rus, and during the 10th and 11th centuries Kyivian Rus was among the most influential nation-states in Europe. For much of its existence, Ukraine has been divided because different regions of the country have been ruled by foreign powers including Poland, Russia, Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Lithuania. Despite heavy Russian influence in the east and often oppressive Soviet occupation, Ukraine has remained faithful to its own traditions. This land bears the mark of ancient mystery and the memory of its people still preserves old customs of remote ages. With the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, Ukraine regained its independence. Now you can explore the cultural richness of the Ukrainian steppes, which helped the country become known as the Breadbasket of Europe, the rugged landscapes of the Carpathian Mountains, or health resorts on the Black Sea.

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom has been called the biggest small country on Earth due to its sheer diversity. The UK is short for the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" and is formed by the province of Northern Ireland and the countries of Great Britain - England, Scotland and Wales. Each of these countries has a very distinct identity and you should not call a Welshman English or vice versa, and some may not like being called 'British', even though the Welsh (and the Cornish) are the original Britons. Note the term British Isles also includes the Republic of Ireland and is a geographic designation. In this site the different islands in the Irish Sea (including the Isle of Man)and those North of Scotland are also taken into consideration. The United Kingdom has too many sites to mention.

Vatican City

Vatican City is the smallest city-state in the world, with only 880 people, but is one of the most visited. This is mainly because it is in the middle of Rome and the 14.4 acres are packed with some of the world's most beautiful churches and museums. Although Vatican City is an independent country, it is completely surrounded by the city of Rome. This center of Roman Catholicism is a must-see. It is bounded by the Tiber River and stretches west (about 1 200 m long and 800 m at its widest point). Crossing from the city of Rome over the Tiber, the first building you see, at the end of Via della Conciliazione, is St. Peter’s Basilica (Michelangelo designed the dome and his Pieta is exhibited within). Plan at least 3 (or more) hours in St. Peter’s: After walking around inside be sure to go to the roof for the view (it’s usually hazy so you might just want to go up there for the pretty sunsets) visit its in-house museum and see the grotto below (where St. Peter and John Paul II, among other popes, are buried). The baldequino over the main altar built with bronze looted from the Pantheon is an interesting example of baroque design.


Afghanistan is a landlocked country in Central-Asia. It has long borders with Iran and Pakistan. It borders on three of the new Central Asian republics: Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikstan. It has a very short border with China which is the result of a strange 19-th century Anglo-Russian deal. Afghanistan used to be quite a popular travel destination in the 70's when hippies would go overland to India. The capital Kabul was a popular hangout, back then. Things have changed big time since then. It started in 1979 when Afghanistan was invaded and occupied by the Soviet Union. The USSR was forced to withdraw 10 years later by anti-communist mujahidin forces supplied and trained by the US, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, and others. Fighting subsequently continued among the various mujahidin factions, but the fundamentalist Islamic Taliban movement has been able to seize most of the country. In addition to the continuing civil strife, the country suffers from enormous poverty, a crumbling infrastructure, and widespread live mines.


Bangladesh is a very densely populated country in South Asia. It shares a very long border with neighbor India and with Myanmar, at east. Bangladesh was the Eastern part of Pakistan after the split between India and Pakistan in 1947. The Bengali then had a second struggle for independence with the Pakistanis, but now they have their own country. Independence from Pakistan was achieved in 1971. Dhaka is the capital city of Bangladesh. It is the largest city and the fastest growing city as well. It is the best starting point for travels in the country. In the south, near the Myanmar border, Chittagong is the second largest and fastest growing city. It is a pretty place with tombs and mosques to visit. Not to mention the natural sights just miles away from the city. Cox's bazar is known to have the longest running shore-line in the world. This city has since been developed into an obvious touring spot. During the tourist season, reservations to hotels are done months in advance, otherwise the hotels closest to the shore have to get off the list.


Nestling in the Himalayas, the kingdom of Bhutan is bordered by China in the north and India in the south. It is roughly the size of Switzerland. With its closely guarded culture and traditions, and well-conserved pristine natural environment, Bhutan is unique and fascinating in many ways. Bhutan is the last surviving Mahayana Buddhist kingdom in the roof of the world. Religion has shaped the nation's history, and it still plays a vital role in the everyday life. Bhutan has a wide range of climates, from the hot and humid jungles of the southern foothills to frigid snowcapped peaks in the north which rise to 7,700 metres. This has made it possible for a lot of unique and rare plants and animals to thrive.

British Indian Ocean Territory

The British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) or Chagos Islands is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom situated in the Indian Ocean, halfway between Africa and Indonesia. The territory comprises the six atolls of the Chagos Archipelago (Phehandweep in Hindi and other North Indian languages, Paeikaana Theevukal in Tamil, Feyhandheebu in Dhivehi) with over 1,000 individual islands (many tiny) having a total land area of 60 square kilometres (23 sq mi). The largest island is Diego Garcia (area 44 km2), the site of a joint military facility of the United Kingdom and the United States. Following the eviction of the native population (Chagossians) in the 1960s, the only inhabitants are US and British military personnel and associated contractors, who collectively number around 4,000 (2004 figures).


A sparkling jewel on the island of Borneo, along the shores of the South China Sea, the land of Brunei Darussalam is an Islamic Sultanate blessed with a royal heritage of 600 years. The Sultanate of Brunei on the northwest corner of the island of Borneo is embraced and at one point even split in two by the Malaysian state of Sarawak. This tiny Islamic state is especially known for the legendary wealth of its Sultan, and for being one of the richest countries in Southeast Asia, with a very high standard of living. Education and healthcare are free; houses, cars, and even pilgrimages to Mecca are subsidized. There’s no tax on personal income and the average per capita income among the highest in the world. In the sixteenth century Brunei was the seat of power to an empire that covered all of Borneo and even captured large parts of the Philippines and Manila for a brief period. Today the Sultanate of Brunei lost most of its territory but is nonetheless thriving on massive oil and gas reserves. The capital, Bandar Seri Begawan, is an ostensive display of modern architecture, but the rest of the country has remained unchanged for centuries and is luckily quite unspoiled. Because of the oil, Brunei has never needed to exploit its forestry to any great degree, with the result that tropical forests still covers around seventy percent of the total land area. The coast caters for with sandy beaches and azure waters and mangrove swamps There are quaint villages amongst majestic monuments to be found, remnants of over 1200 years of an exotic and rich culture.


Cambodia is perhaps one of the least known and least visited destinations in South East Asia. Cambodia shares borders with Thailand Laos and Vietnam, but it can be rough to travel overland between these countries. The most comfortable way to travel to Cambodia is to fly directly to its capital, Phnom Penh, from overseas or via Bangkok to Siem Reap/Cambodia. ' Angkor Wat Archeological Park' near the northern town of Siem Reap is the key tourist attraction of Cambodia. The nearly 900-year-old temple of Angkor Wat, along with some 100 other temples, such as 'The Bayon' and 'Ta Prom', are described the jewel of the country, transporting visitors in time and spirit. Since its rediscovery in the late 19th century, the area has been competing with monuments like the "Taj Mahal " listed as the eighth world wonder.


The Yangtze River is the longest river in China , snaking its way 6,300 kilometers from western China ’s Qinghai-Tibet Plateau to the East China Sea . For over two centuries the Yangtze River has served as a transportation highway and commercial thoroughfare. Nowadays, the Yangtze River has attracted millions of tourists from home and abroad for the visit and has become one of the most popular china tours For those who would like to cruise along the Yangtze River , below are some tips for your reference: Climate & Clothing The climate of the Three Gorges region is within the sub-tropical climate area of Central Asia . The annual temperature averages 18.4 ℃ ( 65.1 ℉ ) with a range from the coldest month in January being 7.1 ℃ ( 44.8 ℉ ) to the hottest month in July being 29.3 ℃ ( 84.7 ℉ ). The best tour time is from April through October. Winds in the gorges area are relatively strong with fixed wind directions from either the east or west. In the winter time, due to the low water level, only a few of cruises are in business.

East Timor

East Timor can be reached fairly easyly by flight from Australia or via Indonesian airlines startiing out at Denpasar/ Bali. The island offers a mélange of Portuguese colonial remnants, a laid-back atmosphere and some very nice beaches. East Timor (a former Portuguese colony), is nowadays called "Timor Leste". Dili, the capital of Timor Leste, is a pleasant, laid-back little town with a number of good restaurants and hotels. There are nice beaches all around the capital, and more further away. Dili is also the starting point to an unspoiled snorkelling and diving experience at the nearby island of Atauro.


India (Bharat), in Hindi, To know about this country for traveller, let us divide it into 5 regions and throw some insight about each region. If on one side we have snow clad mountains, to the other there is a hot desert and if on one side we have the mountain ranges then we have coastal plains too. If one can look beyond the dirt, pollution and the poverty,one can find that it is a country of profound vibrations with centuries of austerities practiced, a thirst quencher for the spiritual seeker, the nature lover, and for those, who come here for a beautiful, yet, a unique experience. First to the North, we have Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttarakhand which are at the foot of Himalayas. Known for scenic beauty, flowers, gardens, lakes, snow covered hill stations like Shimla (Simla), Kullu, Manali and Mussourie.


Indonesia is world largest archipelago made up of more than 17,000 islands which so far only less than 1,500 having a name. The heart of the archipelago is Java; it is not only the location of Jakarta, Indonesia's capital and largest city, but it also puts up a very big part of the population. Actually, Indonesia is the world's fourth most populous country after China, India and the United States. Indonesia is also the largest Muslim state. Although the islands are home to more than 100 ethnic groups, most Indonesians are of mixed Malay origins and practice Islam. Be sure to visit at least Bali and if you have some more time, try to make it to Sumatra, with its impressive natural beauty. The smaller islands of Indonesia include Madura, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores and Bali.


A modern country with a rich heritage, Japan has long been popular with travelers. While is it one of the most expensive places to live, it is possible for the budget traveler to have a good time as well. There are four main islands which make up Japan: From the north to the south: Hokkaido, Honshu the main island, Shikoku, and Kyushu. More than 4,000 smaller islands surround these four main islands. Japan is divided into 47 Prefectures. Hokkaido is one Prefecture. Honshu is broken up into the following Prefectures: Aomori, Akita, Iwate, Miyagi, Yamagata, Niigata, Fukushima, Ibaraki, Tochigi, Gunma, Saitama, Tokyo, Chiba, Kaganawa, Yamanashi, Shizuoka, Nagano, Toyama, Ishikawa, Fukui, Gifu, Aichi. Mie, Shiga, Kyoto, Nara, Wakayama, Osaka, Hyogo, Tottori, Okayama, Hiroshima, Shimane, Yamaguchi. Shikoku is broken up into the following Prefectures: Kagawa, Tokushima, Kochi, Ehime.


Kazakhstan is a country in Central Asia. It borders on Russia , China , Uzbekistan , Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan . It is a beautiful country; however, it is yet undiscovered by tourists. It is the 9th largest country of the world with a little over 16 million people and a lot of places to visit. Those who might be interested in travelling to Kazakhstan should be able to understand its natural beauty, because even though its history is over a thousand years, the nomadic people of Kazakhstan have not left a lot of material evidence of their culture. Their culture, though, has been preserved in their folklore and traditions. I am sure that tourism to Kazakhstan should become more popular within several years, the outdoors lovers will be able to appreciate all the wonderful things that Kazakhstan has to offer. The old capital city of Almaty - a word, according to the most popular explanation, derived from "alma" (apple) - is a place most visited. It is a laid back city, with a nice atmosphere. From Almaty you can make excursions into the picturesque mountains nearby or visit the skating rink - one of the fastest outdoor tracks in the world. The new capital of Astana is not yet a true capital. It is situated in the windy steppes of the northern part of the country, and its climate is not very inviting.


Kyrgyzstan is often called the Switzerland of Central Asia. In some sense this epithet is more deserved than in others. It is quite off the mark when it comes to the level of income, but very justifiable when it comes to the beauty of the mountainous landscape. Compared with the dry and hot plains of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan it is quite refreshing to go into the high mountains of Kyrgystan. Kyrgyzstan may not have a long settled history, but it has all the natural beauty to make up for that. Furthermore the poeple are very friendly and helpful. This makes traveling in Kyrgyzstan relatively easy. Compared with its neighbours, Kyrgyzstan might lack in cultural heritage, but the natural beauty can be overwhelming. In Soviet times much of the country was closed to visitors because of its strategic importance, closeness to China and the uranium mines in the Tian Shan mountains. Now it is the most of open of the Central Asian states.


If you're looking for a hassle-free tourist destination, experience Laos in all its majestic beauty. Natural in almost every aspect, Laos is one of Southeast Asia's least developed nations offering the adventurous tourist a land of many surprises. Laos, also known as the Land of a Million Elephants, is a culturally rich, land-locked country with a population of about 6 million. The Laotians are predominantly Buddhist and are very friendly and hospitable people. The official language is Lao. French and English are also widely spoken. The capital city, Vientiane, skirts the Mekong River, which forms the border between Laos and Thailand. Embrace this wonderful opportunity to experience this untouched culture. In Vientiane, you visit Hophrakeo, Wat Si Saket, Patousay (the Arc of Triumph) and That Luang Stupa. You also have time at the end of the trip to see the National Cultural Ethnic Park, Friendship Bridge and Buddha Park. Also, don't miss the Morning Market where you can buy anything from local handicrafts to MP3 players and traditional medicine. In Luang Prabang, you enjoy trips to Wat Phousy on top of the hill overlooking the Mekong River. You also get to experience the Wat Xieng Thong, the most beautiful temple. Since 1995 Luang Prabang has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage City.


Malaysia is one of the so-called Asian Dragons, of rapidly-growing economies. Located in the heart of South-East Asia, it comprises two parts: Peninsular Malaysia, bordering with Thailand in the North and Singapore in the South, and East Malaysia, with with the states of Sarawak and Sabah sharing the island of Borneo, with Indonesia and Brunei. Malaysia is one of the most pleasant, hassle-free countries to visit in South-East Asia. Malaysian society is based on a vibrant and interesting fusion of Malay, Chinese, Indian and indigenous cultures and customs. The Chinese are mostly active in trade and Malays mostly in government. Government policies initiated in the 1970s have somewhat blurred that distinction and one can find representatives of all races in one field or the other. Peninsular Malaysia is the most popular among visitors. Even the peninsula itself is divided into the East Coast and West Coast, by the Titiwangsa mountain range. The West Coast is more developed and holds more attractions while the East Coast boasts a rustic charm. The leatherback turtles make annual visits here to lay their eggs on parts of the East Coast shores..


There are many places around the world that attempt to lure the traveller with pictures of white sands, blue skies, palm trees and clear waters. The Maldives is one of the few that not only delivers on this promise from the moment you step out of the plane, but keeps on delivering every day. This tiny country in the middle of the Indian Ocean to the south-west of India is made up of 1200 tiny coral islands. With the highest point above sea level being around 2M, the Robinson Crusoe life style is everywhere you look. The main income for the country is tourism and many of the islands boast resorts catering to every type of traveller from backpackers to the rich and famous. Having said that though, the government is very aware of the fragile nature of the environment they live in and tightly control the impact of tourists on both the local environment and population. As a tourist, you are free to wander as you like on the resort islands and capital city, but travel to local villages and towns is strictly through guided tours. Other forms of travel within the country must be requested and permitted through the government.


A vast country spanning the steppe and deserts of Northeast Asia, Mongolia has maintained much of its centuries-old nomadic tradition. Although low on distinctive, historical "sights," it is of significant interest to those seeking a unique culture, rough scenery and wildlife. Horse treks through the country with camping in the traditional gers are a perfect way of discovering the traditional Mongol way of life. Mongolia has a unique and durable traditional culture, centered around the herding lifestyle. Herders remain semi-nomadic, moving their animals with the seasons as they have for centuries. Half of Mongolia's population is rural, and tending to livestock remains the backbone of the Mongolian economy. Despite the popular image of Mongolians as nomadic herders, it is an increasingly urbanized country. Over a third of Mongolians live in the capital city, Ulaanbaatar. Other major urban centers are Darkhan and Erdenet. In these cities, especially Ulaanbaatar, there are still a number of Buddhist sites, testament to the once profoundly Tibetan-Buddhist character of the culture before Communism.


Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, is a fascinating country and a real treat for the traveler. Great scenery, unspoilt nature and some beautiful temples. There is only one drawback: due to the political situation independent travel is not as easy as it might be. Highlights in Burma include Yangon, formerly known as Rangoon, Pyay, a nice little stopover to Thayekhittaya, Mandalay with its beautiful temples on Mandalay Hill near Bagan and Paga.


The Himalaya Kingdom of Nepal is a great destination. With its stunning mountian views, including the world's highest peak Mount Everest (Everest Region), its ancient culture with many fine examples of Budhhist art and architecture and its great outdoor activities such as hiking and white water rafting, Nepal is a dream come true. Nepal can be visited easily from the neighbouring giant India. The people of Nepal are quite relaxed, so the country offers a nice break from the crowded Indian plains. The capital city of Kathmandu is an inspiring place. It is packed with temples and has a very friendly atmosphere. From Kathmandu, is is only a short trip to the nearby Patan with its impressive Durbar square where the past can be revived. Bhaktapur is even older and offers some interesting insights into the famous Newari architecture. Pashupatinath, the holiest city of Nepal, and Boudhanath, with the largest Stupa of Nepal and home to many members of the Tibetan community, are an absolute must.

North Korea

North Korea still is one of the most reclusive countries of the world. Although there is a slight opening and some selected koreans are now allowed to visit their families in the south for a short day stay, visiting the country is still a highly organised operation for limited numbers of group tourists. Since access to North Korea is mainly via China, most visits are tacked on to China tours. As you can see by this night satellite view of North Korea, in comparison to South Korea it's a happening place after dark. More than 23 millions inhabitants live in this country. In comparisson, North Korea is slightly smaller than England and around 2000 square kilometers larger than South Korea. Most of its 120.540 sqkm territory is demilitarized zone, where you are not allowed to enter. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is situated on the northern half of the Korean Peninsula. It shares borders in the south with the demilitarized zone (separating it from the Republic of Korea, see South Korea), in the east with Japan (by sea), in the north with China and in the west with the Yellow Sea.

Papua New Guinea

A country that was known to the Europeans from as early as 16th century, modern developments and relations with the outer world are rather recent phenomena in Papua New Guinea. Contacts with the outside world is still peripheral in many places. Most of the interior region of the country is inaccessible by roads and flying or trekking are the only way to reach these places. The phenomenon of great seclusion has in someway helped in preserving the variety, traditions, and lifestyles of its people. The people here speak more than 700 different languages, and you won’t fail to notice this once you arrive in Papua New Guinea. It has a terrain that makes remarkable impression with its diversity, which ranges from high-rise mountains to coral reefs to palm-fringed, white-sand beaches. An average Guinese consider himself more of the Pacific than of Asia.


Consisting of 7,107 islands (1,000 inhabited), 97 ethnic groups and 101 dialects/languages, the Philippines is known as "The Smile of Asia", due to its people's hospitality and many festivities or 'fiestas'. Spanish and American influences are strongly evident in its culture. Many tourists have described it as 'a slice of Latin America in Asia', or 'the most westernized Asian country'. Stop by and you will never know a more hospitable and friendly place to vacation. The archipelago is famous for the contrast between huge and modern metropolis like Manila or Cebu, the primitive tribal territories, the deserted islands, the clear sea waters and the smooth white coral sand. The Philippines is a nice and friendly place to visit. The people speak English, as it is an official language. The capital city Manila is noisy, gritty, and tough--yet very charming, cosmopolitan, vibrant and exciting (very New York City). Malling is a favorite Philippine pastime as many shopping centers dot the metropolis. The old seedy image of Manila nightlife has been replaced with classy restaurants, quaint hole-in-the-wall yet must-see spots, "it" bars, and cozy cafes (very strong cafe culture in the past few years, a night out or "gimmick" usually ends with a coffee nightcap at Figaro, Coffee Bean, Segafredo or the ubiquitous Starbucks). As in most major cities, urban poverty is evident in Manila with its shanties and streetchildren.


A city-state in Southeast Asia, Singapore is one of the most successful areas in the world. Singapore was founded in 1819 and currently has an average population of 4.5 million people and is the second most densely populated area in the world. Singapore combines the big-city elements of skyscrapers, subways and bustling streets with traditional Chinese, Indian and Malay food, culture and goods. An all-inclusive city, Singapore is diverse enough to please anyone of any age and background. Districts Singapore is broken up into multiple districts that all have specific meaning and purpose. The Orchard District is the best for shopping with miles of shopping malls where the Riverside (also known as Civic) District is the historic district of Singapore. This spot is where you want to come to view historic architecture and statues, tour museums and theaters. Chinatown and Little India are 2 districts that are heavily influenced by China and India, providing even more ethnic diversity on this island.

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka is the teardrop that falls from the southern tip of India and is becoming increasingly popular as a travel destination –and not only for sports fanatics who want to play a proper game of cricket. About twenty million people reside on this relatively small island that used to bear the name Ceylon. Although a lot of people come over to Sri Lanka to have a nice beach holiday (finished off with a touch of culture), there is definitely more to see and to do than sunbathing on one of the many excellent beaches. Hikkaduwa, for example, is very well-known for its beach-resorts and for its brooding turtles. Colombo is the place where Sri Lanka’s hustle and bustle takes place. Although it is not such a big city, this is the place where the commercial heart beats. The northern part of the city is the fort area. There you can find - if you look real hard - the British fort, dating from the 19th century, and other remnants of the former colonial power. When you set off for Galle, which was the capital city when the Dutch ruled before the British invaded the Pearl of the Orient. Here you can visit the world heritage fort complex.

South Korea

South Korea is located in Northeast Asia. Its only border is with North Korea . After the dramatic split-up in the fifties(The Korean War was 1950-1953), the South has fared very well. It has become one of the richest countries in Asia and even in the world. And it has managed to keep up a rather frenetic pace of economic development. It is currently ranked 10th in the world in terms of GDP. This certainly does not mean Korea has lost touch with its roots. Like Japan, it manages to combine the ultra modern with the very traditional. The first Korean ancient dynasty was 'Gojosun(Old Chosun)' which was built in northern part of Han-bando(Korean Peninsular) and eastern Manchuria 10 century B.C.. Following that ancient kingdom, Goguryo-Baikje-Shinra(Shilla) 3 kindoms existed(the Three Nations Era) in 4-6 centuries. After that era, Korean Peninsular was unified and 'Unified Shinra'(AD 668-936), Koryo(918-1392 the root of present name 'Korea'), Chosun(1392-1910) followed. From 1910 to 1945, Korea was under Japanese rule and got independence in 1945. Three years later, the cruel war began and this old country but newborn state had to struggle to reconstruct everything from the ruins of the war.


A Taiwan travel guide will tell you all about this island which is located off the southeastern coast of China. Though Taiwan is an independent republic, it is in constant dispute with the mainland China which considers Taiwan as a part of its territory. Taiwan is one of the most densely populated areas in the world with 23 million people in 36000 sq km of area and is a highly industrialized nation. There are many lush forests and mountains on this island of Taiwan. Getting There The international airport in Taiwan receives flights from all over the world and is well-connected to Europe and the United States. One can also get there by sea from some of the islands of Japan. Tourists staying in Taiwan for less than thirty days are granted a visa for that period, as long as passports are valid for over six months. Extended stays requires a visitor to apply for a tourist visa for a period of sixty days. Accommodation is easily available in hotels that cater to tourists


Tajikistan is a small Central Asian country bordering Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, China and Afghanistan. The Tajiks are not a Turkic people (like most peoples in the region), but are closely related to the Iranians. The Tajik language is closely related to Farsi, and some of the best and most famous 'Iranian' poets are actually Tajiks. The capital city of Tajikistan is Dushanbe. The city of Penjikent is close to the border with Uzbekistan and can be reached from Samarkand. Penjikent has some impressive remains of the ancient Sodgian civilization. Tajikistan is very mountainous. On the one hand this means that the scenery is great, with excellent hiking opportunities, but on the other hand it means that travel can be time consuming and rough.


The best cultures and backgrounds make Thailand an interesting and memorable country to visit. More people visit Thailand than any other country in Southeast Asia. This is no surprise as the Royal Kingdom of Thailand has much to offer for the visitor: historic culture, lively arts, beautiful beaches, a good nightlife, friendly and hospitable people and last but not least one of the best cuisines in the world. Travel in Thailand is easy due to a good network of trains, buses and airplanes. Most visitors enter the country via the Southeast Asian travel hub Bangkok, the City of Angels. From there you can do great daytrips to cities like the former capital Ayutthaya and Kanchanaburi , known for the River Kwai bridge. Popular beach islands include Koh Samui and Phuket Island. Chiang Mai in Northern Thailand is popular for Thai culture and scenary.


Geographically this is the most western of all the stans, but culturally it sure isn't. The turkmen never formed a real nation and only settled in recent history in cities - if they did at all. Most of the cities in Turkmenistan were founded by non Turkmen, but by the Russians, Iranians and even Alexander the Great. If you are not an oil man, maybe the most important reason to visit Turkmenistan would be not the sights, but the people and their age old nomad tradition of hospitatility. They can be hard to reach with stranger at first, but when they open up, anything goes. Ashgabat the capital city is probably your point of arrival. It is filled with monuments in the honour of the president Turkmenbasi. Mary has the ruins of the old Persian town of Merv and is worth a visit as well.


Uzbekistan has some of the best preserved Islamic cities in the world. Bukhara, Samarkand and Khiva all have great historic centres, with a few almost unbelievably beautiful mosques and Koranic schools. These are cities you cannot miss, if you are at all interested in culture and/or Islam. Uzbekistan has also part of one of the biggest environmental disasters in the world: Aral lake. This lake is slowly disappearing with unpleasant consequences for the people living around it. It is a very unhealthy climate near the ex-lake. Worst of all is that this is a man-made disaster. The toughest thing about Uzbekistan is understanding why your tour guide is so reluctant to giving the clients a simple price quote. In truth, the Uzbek currency has a state-determined value and a black market value. Uzbek people cannot explain this to you over the internet, phone, fax or otherwise for fear of the tax authorities showing up for an impromptu inspection and accessment. Travelling in Uzbekistan is cheap, but only if you show up with dollars in hand and pay cash. Previously travel agents could book your flights at the local rate. This is no longer the case and foreigners must pay first world prices. Save your cash and see the countryside by hiring a car. The last time I checked, the dollar in the bazaar was worth about five times as much as in the bank. Speak quietly and ask your tour guide to exchange some money. Expect to pay him or her a comission just like you will pay a little more than the local people for everything.


Country Full Name: Socialist Republic of Vietnam Vietnam Flag Vietnam Emblem Vietnam communist Flag Vietnam Introduction Most visitors to Vietnam are overwhelmed by the sublime beauty of the country's natural setting: the Red River Delta in the north, the Mekong Delta in the south and almost the entire coastal strip are a patchwork of brilliant green rice paddies tended by women in conical hats. There are some divine beaches along the coast, while inland there are soaring mountains, some of which are cloaked by dense, misty forests. Vietnam also offers an opportunity to see a country of traditional charm and rare beauty rapidly opening up to the outside world.


Australia is a land of contrasts - topographical, cultural, physical, meterological and visual. About 40,000 years ago, the Aborigines were the first to settle. They lived as hunters and gatherers for this entire time, living with a close link to nature, although backburning and other poor agricultural techniques have since been realised to have caused significant deforestation, salinification of the soil and elimination of much of the natural diversity of the landscape. Such a poor ability to interact with nature, despite it being so important, helps explain why much of Australia is now unsuitable for sustaining life. Interestingly, this provides one of the few examples of where the native population damaged the land more than later waves of settlers. Their way of living developed into a complex culture based on oral tradition and intricate social bounds, which was almost destroyed by the second wave of settlers, who were able to populate the land with much more success.

New Zealand

New Zealand is situated in the South Pacific ocean, between latitude 34'S and 47'S. The country runs roughly north-south with mountain ranges down much of its length. Its two main islands cover 266,200 sq km (103,735 sq miles), about the size of Japan or California and slightly larger than Great Britain. Comparable in size and/or shape to Great Britain, Colorado and Japan, New Zealand has a population of only 4 million - making it one of the world's least crowded countries. There is an uneven split between both islands with 3.2 million in the North but only 800,000 in the South. It is a haven for those seeking peace, rejuvenation and relaxation as well as a playground for thrillseekers and adventurers. A temperate climate with relatively small seasonal variation makes it a year-round holiday destination. New Zealand's spectacularly beautiful landscape includes vast mountain chains, steaming volcanoes, sweeping coastlines, deeply indented fiords, and lush rainforests.


The following is a Canada travel guide for those who have the desire to visit this great North American country. Canada Facts Canada consists of 10 provinces and 3 territories and covers 4 million sq miles. It is the northern-most country in North America. Canada's population is currently over 33 million. The country has 2 official languages; English and French. English is the language spoken in most of the country, while French is the main language spoken in the province of Quebec. Canada is considered a constitutional monarchy and the Queen of England is the true head of the government. However, her role is mostly symbolic; the country is governed under the Parliamentary system and has a Prime Minister. Each province has a premier. There are 3 main political parties--the Progressive Conservative Party, the Liberal Party and the National Democratic Party.

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